Honor Societies

National Honor Society

Briarcliff High School National Honor Society
NYS Chapter: 00003265
Chapter Sponsors: Kevin Courtney and Ellen Mager


The members of the National Honor Society are selected from the Junior class (and Senior class for any student who did not qualify as a Junior but attains the required GPA for eligibility in June of their Junior year), using criteria based on scholarship, service, leadership, and character. Students who strive to be members of this prestigious organization must show a dedication to community service, leadership in school organizations, and exemplary character. Eligible Juniors who have a weighted cumulative average of 93 (unrounded) after 4 semesters of work or an eligible senior after 6 semesters of work will receive NHS candidacy applications in October from the BHS National Honor Society advisors.
Students will receive official confirmation of their induction the first week of November.
National Honor Society members are involved in activities designed to raise funds for projects and scholarships, improve their school environment, including an obligation to tutor other Briarcliff students, and assist their local and global communities; The BHS National Honor Society sponsors two annual blood drives during the school year.

Scholarship: Students must have a weighted GPA of 93 (unrounded) to be eligible. These students will be eligible for consideration on the basis of service, leadership, and character.

Service: This quality is defined through the voluntary contributions made by a student to the school or community, done  without compensation and with a positive, courteous, and enthusiastic spirit.

Leadership: Student leaders are those who are resourceful citizens, good problem solvers, promoters of school activities, and idea-contributors. They are students who are dependable and who exemplify positive attitudes about life. Leadership experiences can be drawn from school or community activities while working with or for others.

Character: The student of good character upholds principles of morality and ethics (has no infractions of academic integrity), is cooperative, demonstrates high standards of honesty and reliability, and shows courtesy, concern, and respect for others. Refer to Briarcliff District Code of Conduct Section VI Academic Conduct.

The National Society Induction Ceremony generally takes place in late November. Check the Briarcliff District Calendar or the HS homepage for specifics.

Please click here to download an application for NHS.

National Art Honor Society

BHS National Art Honor Society
Chapter 885
Sponsor – Ms. Ritacco

The National Art Honor Society - NAHS is an international organization sponsored by the National Art Education Association. NAHS provides avenues for recognition of artistic talents and opportunities for leadership roles for visual arts students, while spotlighting the success and community work of our school art program.

The purpose of the chapter is to foster excellence and a dedicated spirit to the pursuit of art; to inspire and recognize students with outstanding ability in art; to further creative abilities of it’s members and to bring art to the attention of the school and community. Interested students are encouraged to enter art competitions (Young Arts, Scholastic Arts, etc) and submit their artwork to school publications.

Membership:
  • Students must apply for membership.
  • Membership is based on art scholarship, character and service. To be eligible for selection, candidates grade 9, 10, 11 or 12, must be enrolled in an art class and have a minimum art scholarship of 90 or above.
  • Students must demonstrate excellent character, upholding principles of morality and ethics, holding no infractions of academic integrity. Members must demonstrate cooperation, reliability and motivation and adhere to the Briarcliff District Code of Conduct.
  • Members are expected to volunteer their services to the community through visual arts. Community service activities include ‘Art Salon’ (annual art exhibition) preparation, maintenance of school gallery and website gallery, fundraising, “Memory Project” portrait drawing, mural painting, mentoring and volunteering for committees defined by officers.
  • New members will be inducted into NAHS at the end of the school year if they have honored their commitments. Their names will be announced at the annual art exhibition typically held in April.

Responsibilities and expectations to maintain membership and privileges.
  • Members must complete at least 8 service hours in the visual arts each year and should participate in projects and fundraisers.
  • To remain in good standing, a member must pay annual dues of $10. This includes the chapter registration fee.
  • Attendance is required at meetings. Maximum 5 missed with cause.
  • To graduate with NAHS honors and have the right to wear a cord at graduation, a member must remain in good standing until the graduation date.
 
Officers:
  • The a NAHS is a student governed organization. A majority of votes are necessary to elect an officer. Officers create goals, develop a community service calendar and plan activities. 
  • Responsibilities of the officers are as follows:
The President:
It is the duty of the president to preside over meetings and serve as the chapter’s program chair.

The Secretary:
The secretary shall keep minutes of the meetings, attendance, community service records and all business records.

The Treasurer:
The treasurer collects dues and attends to all money matters associated with fundraising, etc. 

Exhibition Assistant:
Directs a committee of volunteers that works to showcase student art in school displays and digital galleries.
 
NAHS Opportunities:
  • Columbus College of Art and Design Scholarship
  • The Art Institutes NAHS Scholarship
  • Maryland Institute Scholarship
  • Pratt School of Art & Design Scholarship
  • NAEA Rising Star Award

New York State Math Honor Society

New York State Math Honor Society

Briarcliff High School Chapter

Chapter Sponsors: Rosemarie Huber and Annmarie O'Brien

 
Overview:

The New York State Math Honor Society is an organization designed to recognize and applaud the outstanding achievements of high school students in the field of mathematics. 

Mission Statement:

The mission and the purpose of this organization shall be: 

  • To promote scholarship and to recognize academic excellence in mathematics among Briarcliff High School students;
  • To provide opportunities for students to enjoy mathematics outside the classroom;
  • To create awareness of the many math-related careers and applications of mathematics;
  • To encourage mathematical service
Qualifications:
  • Student must have successfully completed a minimum of 3 semesters of High School/College mathematics
  • Minimum unweighted transcript grade of 90% in each honors high school math class or 93% in each non-honors high school math class
  • Overall weighted GPA of 85%
  • Submit 2 math faculty recommendations 
  • Complete and submit all required elements of the application by Tuesday, September 25th, 2018
Date/Location of Induction:

Thursday, October 25th, 2018 - 2:30 in the Middle School Little Theater

Responsibilities/Expectations:

Members will be expected to:

  • Peer tutor in the Math Lab or after school in the Maresca lounge once in the ten day cycle;
  • Attend meetings and guest speaker presentations;
  • Students must adhere to the Briarcliff District Code of Conduct, Section VI Academic Conduct;
  • Maintain mathematical scholarship, service, character, and citizenship
 

 

Tri-M Music Honor Society

STUDENT INFORMATION PACKET FOR BRIARCLIFF HIGH SCHOOL

TRI-M CHAPTER #3229

 2018 - 2019


The Tri-M (Modern Music Makers) Music Honor Society is an international program dedicated to the recognition of exceptional music students in grades 6-12 that meet a notable music, academic, leadership, and character criteria asked of every Tri-M member. Tri-M is a program of NAfME: The National Association for Music Education, which is the largest arts education association in the world.
The purpose of this organization is to inspire music participation, create enthusiasm for scholarship, stimulate a desire to render service and promote leadership in music students of secondary schools.

The following items are found in this packet:
  1. Criteria for Admission
  2. TRI-M Checklist for Prospective Members
  3. Descriptions, Selection and Duties of Officers
  4. By-laws for Briarcliff Chapter #3229
  5. Tri-M Service Projects
 
  1. Criteria for Admission for Prospective Members
A student who wishes to become a member of Tri-M must:
 
  1. Perform a NYSSMA (New York State School Music Association) SOLO on his or her instrument attaining the following guideline scores:
    1. Level IV (4) a minimum score of “21”
    2. Level V (5) a minimum score of “90”
    3. Level VI (6) a minimum score of “90”
  2. Achieve a score of “3”, “4” or “5” on the Advanced Placement Examination in Music Theory prior to the fall induction, as an option for students who take Music Theory.
  3. Write an “Essay of Intent” to the TRI-M Advisor using the following:
    1. 100 -125 words
    2. Double-spaced type, Times New Roman 12-font and 1” margins
    3. A response to the Essential Question: “What makes me worthy of this distinction, and how will I contribute to the Tri-M Music Honor Society”?
  4. Ensemble or Music Theory grade requirement of “93” and overall GPA (grade point average) of “85”.
  5. Music teacher recommendation/evaluation form
  6. Four teacher evaluation forms from other subject areas

 

  1. Tri-M Checklist for Prospective Members 2018-2019
THE DUE DATE FOR ALL ITEMS IS: Wednesday, September 26, 2018, BY 3:00 PM
Did you:
  • Turn-in a completed “Essay of Intent”?
  • Turn-in a copy of your 2018 NYSSMA scores? (This is a requirement for admission)
  • Give the evaluation forms to four subject teachers from last year?
  • Give an evaluation and recommendation form to your current Music teacher?
Thank you for your interest in Tri-M Music Honor Society.

All forms and application materials for new membership must be returned by 3:00 PM on Wednesday, September 26, 2018.
The Induction Ceremony for selected students and their families is Tuesday, October 23, 2018 at 7:30 PM in the MS Theater. This event is mandatory for all current Tri-M members.
 
 
  1. Descriptions, Selection, and Duties of Chapter Officers
    1. Chapter Officers (*as cited from Article XIII of the 2010 Tri-M® Music Honor Society Chapter Manual):
      1. *Function-chapter officers should act as chapter leaders, serve as role models for chapter members, and assist the advisor in the management of chapter affairs and activities.
      2. *Selection-the chapter officers may be nominated and elected by chapter members, selected by the advisor, or selected by any other means decided by the chapter. Any method for chapter officer selection should be clearly outlined in the local chapter bylaws.
    2. Briarcliff Officer Selection Process: For the 2018-2019 school year, the Tri-M advisor of Briarcliff chapter #3229 did not select the chapter officers. A general election was not held by the membership in the spring of 2018. The following will be considered to elect or select officers:
      1. Tri-M membership in good standing
      2. Written essay and application stating one’s interest in performing the duties of the office for the Briarcliff chapter
      3. Past participation record in Tri-M
      4. Balanced representation from the different performing ensembles
      5. Due to the absence of seniors during the 4th quarter, certain officer positions can only be filled by juniors and sophomores.
    3. Prospective Officers – Tri-M members who are in good standing and wish to apply for one of the aforementioned offices must:
      1. Submit a one-page essay in 12-font, single-spaced, 1-inch margins, in New Times Roman script explaining how you will fulfill your duties as a Tri-M officer.
      2. Prepare and present a two-minute speech to the membership during the chapter meeting, outlining your intentions to fulfill the duties of said office.
      3. THE FIRST TRI-M MEETING FOR CURRENT MEMBERS IS WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 5, 2018. ELECTIONS/SELECTIONS OF OFFICERS WILL BE CONSIDERED ON THAT DATE.
    4. Description of Officer Duties
      1. President/**Kids Care Coordinator – This position is only open to 11th and 12th graders. The chapter president will lead the members toward the attainment of the goals of the chapter and of the Tri-M Music Honor Society. The president will:
        1. Preside at all meetings of the chapter and of the executive committee.
        2. Lead the induction ceremony for new members.
        3. Lead the Tri-M song before each meeting
        4. Create the agenda for chapter meetings (to be submitted to and reviewed by the chapter advisor two days prior to the scheduled meetings)
        5. Coordinate Kids Care events (see description below)
        6. Help maintain Tri-M website
      2. Vice President/Historian – The position is only open to 10th and 11th graders. The chapter vice president will:
        1. Preside at all meetings of the chapter in the absence of the president
        2. Assist the president in all Tri-M endeavors
        3. Serve as Historian for the chapter
        4. Keep a comprehensive record of all programs presented by the chapter and its members (including pictures and news clippings; serve as publicity chairperson)
        5. Compile and be responsible for the chapter’s entry for Chapter of the Year, as feasible.
        6. Maintain the Tri-M hall bulletin board. vii. Coordinate performances/recitals for meetings
      3. Secretary – The chapter secretary is only open to 10th and 11th graders. The chapter secretary will:
        1. Take membership attendance at each meeting/event
        2. Handle all correspondence of the chapter 6
        3. Keep accurate records of membership attendance, minutes, and all other written transactions of chapter meetings
        4. Present the minutes from the previous meeting to the membership at each chapter meeting
        5. Collect and monitor service projects and notify advisors of possible disciplinary actions needed for members
        6. Serve as the social chairperson.
      4. Treasurer – The chapter treasurer is only open to 10th and 11th graders. The treasurer will:
        1. Collect all membership dues
        2. Keep an accurate record of all monies received and disbursed
        3. Present a report of the chapter’s finances at each meeting
    5. Kids Care**
      1. Kids Care is a program that provides a musical community service. In the past, Briarcliff students, along with dedicated parent volunteers, coordinated “acts” at  greed upon sites. The acts largely consisted of music performances that lasted from 30 – 45 minutes, taking place on Sunday afternoons between 2 and 3PM. Student members, performing as soloists or ensemble members, prepared these performances on their own time. As part of the chapter president’s responsibilities, the president will assume the following Kid’s Care responsibilities:
        1. Organize and oversee performances for sites
        2. Coordinate travel arrangements to sites with parent volunteers and performing Tri-M members
        3. Oversee rehearsal and performance “readiness” prior to site visits
        4. Make monthly reports and invitations to membership about KC needs
        5. Introduce all “acts” and provide opening and closing remarks for site visits
        6. Serve as liaison between parents, chapter membership and site/facility managers
        7. Make arrangements to provide flowers that will be distributed to the residents at each site at the end of the performance
      2. All contact names and numbers of all facilities deemed appropriate will be provided by the parent volunteers and the Tri-M advisors
      3. Some Tri-M meeting time will be used to create potential acts for Kids Care Performances

 

  1. By-Laws for Tri-M Members of Briarcliff Chapter #3229
To remain a member in good standing, the Tri-M member must:
  1. Music Participation
    1. Attend all performances of his/her ensemble within and outside of the school setting (barring documented family emergencies and/or prior written notification that are deemed “acceptable” to the ensemble director)
    2. Perform a NYSSMA Solo at the Spring Solo Festival and achieve the requisite score found in the Criteria for Admission
    3. Attend all ensemble rehearsals and sectionals regularly and on-time
    4. Be prepared for all ensemble rehearsals and lessons
    5. Every Tri-M member is expected to perform in some or all of these extra-curricular functions in the Briarcliff School District community:
      1. Selected District Sports Events
      2. Kids Care
      3. Graduation
      4. Special Assemblies
      5. Tri-M Meetings
      6. Pit Orchestra
      7. Briarcliff Rotary Club
  2. Grades/Scholarship
    1. Maintain a grade point average of 93% in ensemble class (Band, Orchestra, Chorus or Music Theory Class)
    2. Maintain a cumulative grade point average of 85%
    3. *Achieve a score of “3”, “4” or “5” on AP Music Theory Exam
  3. Character
    1. Adhere to the BHS CODE OF CONDUCT at all times
    2. Be respectful towards teachers, staff and peers
    3. Exhibit respectful and courteous behavior to his/her ensemble director at all times
  4. Service
    1. Regularly attend chapter meetings
    2. Participate in Tri-M Induction Ceremony and corresponding rehearsals
    3. Complete three (3) projects that are listed in section V. By:
      1. Friday, May 3, 2019, for Seniors, and Friday, June 7, 2019, for all other students (Seniors must fulfill their Tri-M service requirement in order to receive the Tri-M cord at the graduation). Each project should take approximately 1-2 hours to complete.
    4. Sufficient attendance at chapter meetings per year
      • The Tri-M chapter meetings will be held on the 1st and 3rd Wednesdays of each month. On occasion additional meetings might be held with amble notice.
      1. 2 missed meetings = warning
      2. 3 missed meetings = probation
      3. 4 or more missed meetings = dismissal from Tri-M
  5. Pay $20.00 membership fee (annually)
* Tri-M members admitted under the AP Exam Score of 3/4/5 performance criteria are exempt from the NYSSMA solo requirement. However, these students are strongly urged to perform with an in-school or after-school ensemble.

NON-SELECTION: TRI-M MEMBERSHIP IS AN HONOR BESTOWED UPON A STUDENT AS A PRIVILEDGE, NOT A RIGHT. SPECIAL EFFORTS WILL BE MADE TO EXPLAIN THE SELECTION PROCESS TO THOSE MUSIC STUDENTS WHO ARE ACDEMICALLY ELIGIBLE YET NOT SELECTED FOR CANDIDACY
SELECTION REVIEW: TRI-M AND NAFME SHALL NOT REVIEW THE JUDGEMENT OF THE CHAPTER ADVISOR OR ANY COMMITTEE INVOLVED REGARDING SELECTION OF INDIVIDUAL MEMBERS
 
  1. Tri-M Service Projects
 
  1. Usher at concerts and performance events (Middle and High School)
  2. Update catalogue and electronic filing system for band, choral and/or orchestral libraries (A-G, H-M, N-R, S-Z) by title or composer (ask the director)
  3. Assist ensemble director with other needs
  4. Perform for Briarcliff HS Tri-M sanctioned events at outside venues such as, but not limited to:
    1. Assisted living centers
    2. Veterans homes
    3. School open houses
    4. Hospitals
    5. PTA and/or approved District events/meetings
    6. Community functions
  5. Find guest speakers for meetings (local performers/composers)
  6. Sing/play the National Anthem at school or local events
  7. Research and report to our chapter (#3229) on state and national activities in Tri-M
  8. Serve as set-up crew for ensemble concerts/trips/special events etc. (trip helpers)
  9. Perform for the Holiday Caroling Performance
  10. Rehearse and perform with Pit Orchestra (serves as two projects)
  11. Tutor/teach elementary/middle/high school music students on a regular weekly basis throughout the school year (serves as three projects)

If you would like to do a project that is not listed above, please discuss the project with the Tri-M advisor before completing it.

PLEASE PRINT THE FORMS BELOW AND DISTRIBUTE TO APPROPRIATE TEACHERS, NON-MUSIC AND/OR ENSEMBLE DIRECTOR

 

Rho Kappa National Social Studies Honor Society

Rho Kappa National Social Studies Honor Society
Briarcliff High School Chapter
Chapter Sponsor: Laura Gualtiere


OVERVIEW:
Rho Kappa Social Studies Honor Society is the only national organization for high school juniors and seniors that recognizes excellence in the field of Social Studies. RHO KAPPA provides national recognition and opportunities for exploration in the social studies.

MISSION STATEMENT:
The mission and the purposes of this organization shall be:

  • to promote scholarship and to recognize academic excellence in social studies among Briarcliff High School students;
  • to provide opportunities for exploration in the social studies in school and the community;
  • to encourage interest in, understanding of, and appreciation for the social studies.

QUALIFICATIONS:

  • Achieve a final unweighted grade average of 90% or better in full year social studies courses as it appears on the student transcript.  The GPA will not be rounded up.
  • Achieve a cumulative weighted average of 90% as it appears on the student transcript.  The GPA will not be rounded up.
  • The application process will require candidates to show participation in activities that demonstrate civic engagement in school and/or community and their desire and aspiration to be a member of the organization.
  • Applicants must have above and beyond the required number of community service hours (8) and/or participation in school/community organizations that demonstrate a commitment to civic engagement. 
  • Applicant must have a completed and signed evaluation form from two social studies teachers.
  • All submissions will be reviewed by the Rho Kappa Review Committee comprised of high school social studies teachers and a representative from the high school administrative team.
  • All required elements must be submitted before the submission deadline of Friday, October 5, 2018

DATE/LOCATION OF INDUCTION:
Monday, October 15, 2018 – 2:30 in the Middle School Little Theater.

RESPONSIBILITIES/EXPECTATIONS:
Members will be expected to:

  • To fulfill a need, to be decided by the membership each year, within the school or community or provide a service to either group;
  • To attend meetings and guest speaker presentations;
  • Students must adhere to the Briarcliff District Code of Conduct, Section VI Academic Conduct.

 

Please click here to download the application packet for Rho Kappa

NATIONAL HONOR SOCIETY FOR DANCE ARTS

Briarcliff High School National Honor Society for Dance Arts 
New York State Chapter #NY0033
Chapter Sponsor: Diane Guida

General Descriptor
The National Honor Society for Dance Arts™ (NHSDA) is a program of the National Dance Education Organization (NDEO). The National Honor Society for Dance Arts is run on an institutional basisChapters are set up at individual schools, and only students who are enrolled at that school may apply for induction. Individual students, not enrolled in the dance program at the school that hosts a current NHSDA Chapter, are not eligible for induction. 

Mission

¨     To recognize outstanding artistic merit, leadership, and academic achievement in students studying dance.

¨     To foster an appreciation for dance as a true art form and one worthy of recognition and prestige.

Student Benefits

1.     Recognition of their artistic merit, academic achievement, and leadership throughout their educational experience both within and outside the Chapter.

2.     Certificates of Induction, opportunity to wear the gold Honor Pin and blue and white Honor Cord

3.     Mentorship from Chapter Sponsor and networking with peers

4.     Resources for research and events through NDEO.

Who is Eligible?
Dancers who are enrolled in the Briarcliff High School Dance Program and actively participate in in dance opportunities provided by the program.  Inductions may begin in the Sophomore year of dance.

Eligibility Criteria for Induction - Earned Participation Points

·       A minimum of 30 points awarded by the Chapter Sponsor for activities in dance that meet the honor society’s general guidelines*.  The Chapter Sponsor may use his or her discretion in awarding according to the duration and quality of the activity, as it relates to dance as an art form. The awarding of points will not be based solely on performance nor dance technical expertise. 

·       At the sponsor’s discretion, a student may earn up to 1/3 of total points with prior approval, while participating in dance activities outside of the chapter program.

·       Students may begin accumulating points in the middle school through the Briarcliff Middle School 8th grade dance class and/or BMS Dance Club.

·       Students must maintain a dance course average requirement of 93% throughout each school year.  Overall GPA is not factored into the applicant’s eligibility for this particular society, as set forth by the National Sponsor.

* NHSDA National Induction Activity/Point System - Guideline 

The chapter sponsor is responsible for assigning points to the application submission.
Point Range is .25-3.0

Category

 

Activity

Participation Dance Program

 

*Successful completion of chapter site dance courses with a minimum average of 93% (includes 93% attendance).

*Performance in chapter site dance program concerts (includes rehearsal)

*Participation in chapter site extra/co-curricular dance presentations (Assemblies, MS Club, HS Musical Field Trips, Workshops, other)

 

 

 

Participation Chapter Activities that reflect BHS dance program goals

 

*NHSDA Annual Induction Ceremony, professional dance performances with written critique connecting professional dance performance to classroom content.  Writing quality counts.

*Choreography projects completed outside of class assignments.  (e.g., PTA Reflections submission, Wellness Day, Senior Citizen’s Tea, MLK Assembly)

*Scholarship – Written dance papers, 8th grade project, published articles.

 

 

 

Leadership

 

*Assist Chapter Officers, dance mentor, teaching assistant, etc.

 

 

 

Participation in Duties Related to Dance Production

 

*Crew:  Backstage, Wardrobe, Costume Inventory, Make-up Artist, Hair Artist, Rehearsal Director, Strike, PR, Box Office, Playbill design, Photographer, Videographer

 

Character Requirement

·       Students must adhere to the Briarcliff District Code of Conduct, Section VI Academic Conduct.  Integrity is everything.

·       Students must demonstrate positive, collaborative teamwork, motivation, and leadership in all dance activity.  (e.g. consistent and prompt attendance to activities, actively engaged committee member, participation in service projects with the chapter).

·       The student must display excellent conduct and behavior at all times both in the program activity and within the overall school environment by showing concern for safety and well-being of self and others.  Disruptive behavior in or outside of the studio, bullying or mistreating others, poor studio/performance etiquette will be considered less that excellent.

How Does a Student Apply for Induction?

·       Students in each dance class receive an annual orientation that is highly detailed so that questions and concerns can be addressed by the Chapter Sponsor and for any changes that arise in the process. A format for application submission is also presented.

·       Students are responsible for documenting all their activities that are deemed worthy of points, as noted in the guidelines.  Students should keep both an electronic and hard copy folder of programs, photos, certificates, letters, brochures, etc., that will help to support the application.

·       Applications must be submitted to the Chapter Sponsor in the specified format by the date and time given each June.  This is a hard deadline.  After applications are reviewed, students and parents will receive a letter of acceptance or ineligibility.   Acceptance letters will direct students to then fill out a form at www.nhsda-ndeo.org by a given date. Students should take this step online and pay appropriate fees to the Chapter Sponsor “only” after receiving confirmation of meeting all application criteria.  As of 2018 the total fee was $33 for the application, honor cord, and logo pin however fees are updated periodically.

Date/Location of Induction
Induction into Briarcliff High School NHSDA usually occurs within the 3rd week of October at 7:00 p.m. in the Middle School Little Theatre.  Please check the district calendar or BHS homepage for specifics.

Responsibilities/Expectations for Members

·       Inductees are expected to participate in program activities to strengthen the chapter. 
NHSDA members in good standing may continue to accumulate points for continued meritorious work in dance which may lead to a nomination for the NDEO Artistic, Leadership and Academic Achievement Award (seniors only). The additional points may lead to other recognitions at the discretion of the Chapter Sponsor, and may take the form of certificates, public announcement, school ceremonies; especially at annual dance concert/events. Students who do not remain in good standing will be reviewed on a case by case basis to determine a plan to remain active in the society.